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Ankle Sprain

What is an Ankle Sprain?

Excessive motion in the ankle is prevented by the stabilization of the ankle joint, which is provided by ligaments. When these ligaments are given excessive flexion; beyond the range they move naturally, the movement of the ankle will deviate from the regular joint movement. A plantar flexion or inversion movement of the joint; or a movement of the foot about its ankle joint in a downward-inward direction is the most common means of ankle sprain. They disarray or tear up the trio of main outer ankle ligaments, depending on how serious the sprain is. All kinds of ankle fractures and injuries can occur from severe ankle sprains, as can displacement of the joint.

Depending on the damage caused to the ligaments, ankle sprains have three different categories: 

Grade 1: The ligament is partially torn.

Grade 2: The ligament is incompletely torn and there is moderate loss of function.

Grade 3: The ligament is completely torn and its integrity lost.

 

Treatment for Ankle Sprain

Depending on the grade of ligamentous injury, there are various treatments. 

For grade 1 injuries, compressing and elevating the injury, applying ice packs, and being well-rested is usually advised. It’s important to reduce your physical activity also. Medicine to reduce inflammation (with the exception of steroids) to reduce pain can be used. 

For grade 2 injuries, the treatment steps used in grade 1 injuries are supplemented by support, such as an air cast, an elastic bandage, or a stabilizer.

For grade 3 injuries, it is necessary to suppress movement as much as possible, which can be achieved by a temporary walking boot or a cast of plaster and crutches. It’s possible for a sprain to require surgery, but this is usually not the case.

Physiotherapy and appropriate exercise can also help in treating sprains, so the muscle is strengthened, and full function is restored.

Before attempting any treatment, check with your podiatrist first to assess and provide advice.